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Kevin 258a456d40
Add USB Gadget Device support (#567)
1 week ago
.github/workflows Use script to checkout correct versions of submodules (#475) 8 months ago
CMSIS_5@8a64562247 Support for Yamaha DX7 SysEx commands (#195) 2 years ago
Synth_Dexed@8c677ceb4b Support for Yamaha DX7 SysEx commands (#195) 2 years ago
circle-stdlib@61cf3a47bf Multi-core support (#47) 2 years ago
performance Performances update by @Banana71 2 months ago
src Add USB Gadget Device support (#567) 1 week ago
.gitignore Configurable GPIO buttons (#274) 1 year ago
.gitmodules Only small changes for, so images for RPi2/RPi3 can now created alsoOnly small fixes. (#44) 2 years ago Update 1 month ago Add USB Gadget Device support (#567) 1 week ago Add USB Gadget Device support (#567) 1 week ago Update 2 years ago Add USB Gadget Device support (#567) 1 week ago



MiniDexed is a FM synthesizer closely modeled on the famous DX7 by a well-known Japanese manufacturer running on a bare metal Raspberry Pi (without a Linux kernel or operating system). On Raspberry Pi 2 and larger, it can run 8 tone generators, not unlike the TX816/TX802 (8 DX7 instances without the keyboard in one box). Featured by HACKADAY, adafruit, and Synth Geekery.


  • Uses Synth_Dexed with circle-stdlib
  • SD card contents can be downloaded from GitHub Releases
  • Runs on all Raspberry Pi models (except Pico); see below for details
  • Produces sound on the headphone jack, HDMI display or audio extractor (better), or a dedicated DAC (best)
  • Supports multiple voices through Program Change and Bank Change LSB/MSB MIDI messages
  • Loads voices from .syx files from SD card (e.g., using or from
  • Menu structure on optional HD44780 display and rotary encoder
  • Runs up to 8 Dexed instances simultaneously (like in a TX816) and mixes their output together
  • Allows for each Dexed instance to be detuned and stereo shifted
  • Allows to configure multiple Dexed instances through performance.ini files
  • Compressor effect
  • Reverb effect
  • Voices can be edited over MIDI, e.g., using the synthmata online editor (requires additional hardware)


Video about this project by Floyd Steinberg:

System Requirements

  • Raspberry Pi 1, 2, 3, 4, or 400 (Zero and Zero 2 can be used but need HDMI or a supported i2s DAC for audio out). On Raspberry Pi 1 and on Raspberry Pi Zero there will be severely limited functionality (only one tone generator instead of 8)
  • A PCM5102A or PCM5122 based DAC, HDMI display or audio extractor for good sound quality. If you don't have this, you can use the headphone jack on the Raspberry Pi but on anything but the Raspberry 4 the sound quality will be seriously limited
  • Optionally (but highly recommended), an LCDC1602 Display (with or without i2c "backpack" board) and a KY-040 rotary encoder


  • In the case of Raspberry Pi 4, Update the firmware and bootloader to the latest version (not doing this may cause USB reliability issues)
  • Download from GitHub Releases
  • Unzip
  • Put the files into the root directory of a FAT32 formatted partition on SD/microSD card (Note for small SD cards which are no longer sold: If less than 65525 clusters, you may need to format as FAT16.)
  • Put SD/microSD card into Raspberry Pi 1, 2, 3 or 4, or 400 (Zero and Zero 2 can be used but need HDMI or a supported i2c DAC for audio out)
  • Attach headphones to the headphone jack using SoundDevice=pwm in minidexed.ini (default) (poor audio quality)
  • Alternatively, attach a PCM5102A or PCM5122 based DAC and select i2c sound output using SoundDevice=i2s in minidexed.ini (best audio quality)
  • Alternatively, attach a HDMI display with sound and select HDMI sound output using SoundDevice=hdmi in minidexed.ini (this may introduce slight latency)
  • Attach a MIDI keyboard via USB (alternatively you can build a circuit that allows you to attach a "traditional" MIDI keyboard using a DIN connector, or use a DIN-MIDI-to-USB adapter)
  • If you are using a LCDC1602 with an i2c "backpack" board, then you need to set LCDI2CAddress=0x27 (or another address your i2c "backpack" board is set to) in minidexed.ini
  • Boot
  • Start playing
  • If the system seems to become unresponsive after a few seconds, remove usbspeed=full from cmdline.txt and repeat (details)
  • Optionally, put voices in .syx files onto the SD card (e.g., using
  • See the Wiki for Menu operation
  • For voice programming, use any DX series editor (using MIDI sysex), including Dexed
  • For library management, use the dedicated MiniDexedLibrarian software
  • If something is unclear or does not work, don't hesitate to ask!


All devices on Raspberry Pi GPIOs are optional.

Please the the wiki for more information.


Compiled versions are available on GitHub Releases. Just download and put on a FAT32 formatted SD card.


Please see the wiki on how to compile the code yourself.


This project lives from the contributions of skilled C++ developers, testers, writers, etc. Please see


We are happy to hear from you. Please join the discussions on


Project documentation is at


This project stands on the shoulders of giants. Special thanks to: